Major Scales (Interval - Tone, Tone, Semi, Tone, Tone, Tone, Semi) i.e. Ionian Mode

IIIIIIIVVVIVIIVIII
tonicsub
dominant
dominant(relative
minor)
number and order of sharps
and flats in key signature
F#G#A#BC#D#E# (F)F#######
BC#D#EF#G#A#B^|#####
EF#G#ABC#D#E||####
ABC#DEF#G#A| sf |###
DEF#GABC#D| hl |##
GABCDEF#G| aa |#
-------------------- up perfect fifth ---------->| rt |
CC# DD#EFF#GG#AA#BC| ps |natural
-------------------- down perfect fourth ->| s|
FGABbCDEF|vb
BbCDEbFGABbbb
EbFGAbBbCDEbbbb
AbBbCDbEbFGAbbbbb
DbEbFGbAbBbCDbbbbbb
GbAbBbCb (B)DbEbFGbbbbbbb
major second
major third
perfect fourth
perfect fifth
major sixth
major seventh
octave

Natural Minor Scales (Interval - Tone, Semi, Tone, Tone, Semi, Tone, Tone) i.e. Aeolian Mode

IIIIIIIVVVIVIIVIII
tonic(relative
major)
sub
dominant
dominantnumber and order of sharps
and flats in key signature
D#E#(F)F#G#A#BC#D#######
G#A#BC#D#EF#G######
C#D#EF#G#ABC#####
F#G#ABC#DEF####
BC#DEF#GAB^|##
EF#GABCDE||#
----------- up perfect fifth ------------------->| sf |
AA#BCC#DD#EFF#GG#A| hl |natural
----------- down perfect fourth ---------->| aa |
DEFGABbCD| rt |b
GABbCDEbFG| ps |bb
CDEbFGAbBbC| s|bbb
FGAbBbCDbEbF|vbbbb
BbCDbEbFGbAbBbbbbbb
EbFGbAbBbCb (B)DbEbbbbbbb
major second
minor third
perfect fourth
perfect fifth
minor sixth
minor seventh
octave